Mechanical engineering

Mechanics is a branch of physics. Mechanics could be divided into two branches:
• mechanics of non-deformable bodies
• mechanics of deformable bodies
Mechanics examines and describes rules of motion. On this page examples are about classical mechanics. Classical mechanics is applied when examined objects are big and when their velocities are small in relation to speed of light in vacuum. If mentioned conditions are fulfilled then results obtained via classical mechanics theory are true with experiment results. To describe phenomenas of motion for very small objects which are comparable with atoms or elementary particles we have to use quantum mechanics. For objects which are moving with velocities close in relation to speed of light, we have to apply relativistic mechanics which is described by Einstein’s special theory of relativity. You can find here a lot examples from mechanical engineering and strength of materials. Every example is solved step by step.

Mechanics statics

Statics equilibrium equations for beam hanged on ropes - example 3.

Solved examples from mechanics statics. Collection of exercises in which equilibrium equations are designated. During exercises we examine how forces affect to bodies and material points when they are resting. In statics we used to examine how vectors of forces should be directed to keep body in equilibrium. In most elementary examples we treat examined objects as a material points. Material point is a special model of body which has only a mass with no volume(V=0[m3]. Real physical objects are called rigid bodies. If we examine forces which work on rigid body then we have to remember to place a gravity force vector (m·g) in rigid body’s center of gravity C. Center of gravity is a special point of rigid body. Rigid bodies usually have irregular shapes. If we rotate a rigid around axis which goes through center of gravity point then rigid body stays in equilibrium. If rigid body will be rotated around any other of its points then it will start moving. Cause of motion beginning is an unbalanced force which has appeared.

Statics example exercises

Mechanics kinematics

Mechanics kinematics - temporary rotational motion.

Solved examples from mechanics kinematics. Designation of motion’s trajectory for various type movements like: linear move, rotary move and others. In kinematics we used to calculate relations between passed road, velocity, acceleration and jerk. Velocity is a derivative of road. Acceleration is derivative of velocity. Jerk is a derivative of acceleration. All mentioned magnitudes ae time functions. We distinguish a few types of motion. We divide motion in subject to trajectory shape. As a result we find rectilinear motion and curvilinear motion. Specific cause of curvilinear motion is rotational motion. It is also possible to divide motion its dependency to time. In this case as a result we find uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion.

Kinematics example exercises

Mechanics dynamics

Mechanics dynamics - example 4.

Solved examples from mechanics dynamics. Collection of examples where we examine forces which work on bodies and material points when they are in motion. We desigante accelerations, velocities and other parameter of move using Newton’s laws of dynamics. As it is known from school there are three Newton’s laws of dynamics.
First law of dynamics
When there are no forces which work on body or forces are working but are in balance then body doesn’t move or moves in uniform motion.
Second law of dynamics
When on body works unbalanced force the body moves in uniformly accelerated motion. Acceleration of this motion is straight proportional to force F and inverse proportional to mass of body m.
Third law of dynamics
If body A works on body B with force FAB then body B works on body A with force FBA. Force FBA is equal in value with FAB, but has opposite direction. FBA=-FAB.

Dynamics example exercises

Harmonic vibrations

physical pendulum - motion equation

Harmonic motion is one of the basic type of motion in nautre. Plenty of bodies and items execute harmonic motion during their normal existence. First example of harmonic movement which you should know is motion of pendulum. There are two models of pendulum. First model is mathematical pendulum which is only theoretical model. Second model of pendulum is physical pendulum. The most basic harmonic motion example is motion of harmonic oscillator. Simple harmonic oscillator is a mass hanged on spring.

Harmonic vibrations and harmonic motion examples

Mechanics of materials

Bending torque and shear force in beam under load -example 1.

Mechanics of materials is also known as strength of materials. In this field of knowledge it is examined how load forces and torques influence for solid bodies and fluids. In general mechanics of materials is a branch of mechanics in which subjects are deformable bodies. Mechanics of materials gives an answer about what is going on inside solid body or fluid. In mechanics of materials it is examined how forces influence for object’s internal structure. Objects, alloys, steel and other types of material have in the solid state crystalline internal structure. Different type of internal structure has glass because it has amorphic internal structure. Amorphic internal structure means that body does not have crystalline structure. Crystalline structure is characterized by orderly positioned atoms. There are numbers of crystalline structures. In amorphic structure atoms are not positioned orderly.
Various physics laws are applied in mechanics of materials, nevertheless, the most fundamental law, which is applied, is Hooke’s law.

Mechanics of materials

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